Sunday, June 23, 2013

PATHOGNOMONIC SIGNS OF DIFFERENT DISEASES

Pathognomonic sign is a particular sign of a disease whose presence intensifies that a disease is present without any hesitations. Here are the list of the most common diseases and their pathognomonic signs:

  1. Addison’s Dse. - Bronze-like skin
  2. Appendicitis-McBurney’s Point/ Rovsing Sign/Psoas Sign
  3. Asthma-Wheezing Inspiration
  4. Bulimia Nervosa - Chipmunk Face
  5. Cataract- Blurry Vision / Hizzy Vision
  6. Cholecystitis-Murphy’s Sign (pain RUQ)
  7. Cholera -Rice Watery Stool
  8. COPD -Barrel-Chested
  9. Cushing Syndrome- Buffalo Hump
  10. Dengue-Petechiae
  11. Down Syndrome- Single Crease on Palm/Clubbing of Fingernails
  12. Glucoma- Tunnel-like Vision
  13. Hepatitis-Icteric Sclera (yellowish discoloration of sclera)
  14. Hyperpituitarism - CAROTENEMIA (Discoloration of skin)/ XANTHAMIA
  15. Hyperthyroidism - Exopthalmus
  16. Kawasaki Dse.- Strawberry Tongue
  17. Leprosy-Leoning Face (contracted face)
  18. Liver Cirrhosis - Spider Angioma
  19. Malaria -Stepladder Fever
  20. Measles-Koplick’s Spot
  21. Meningitis-Burdzinski Sign (Pain on nape)/Karnig Sign (pain on leg/ knee area)
  22. MI-Levine's sign
  23. Myasthemia Gravis (MG) - Ptosis (inability to open upper eyelids)
  24. Pancreatitis - Cullen Sign (Bluish discoloration preumbilical area)
  25. Parkinson’s Dse. - Pill Rolling Tremors
  26. Pernicious Anemia - Beefy Red Tongue (Schilling’s Test)
  27. Pneumonia - Greenish Rusty Sputum
  28. PTB-Low grade fever in afternoon
  29. Pyloric Stenosis - Olive-Shaped Mass
  30. SLE-Butterfly Rashes
  31. Tetany- Chvostek Sign)/Trosseau’s Sign
  32. Thrombophlebitis - Homan’s Sign
  33. Typhoid - Rose Spot

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