Management of Hypertension comes in many forms, from lifestyle modification to the use of different anti-hypertensive medications. Always remember, a nurse "DEALS" with this common illness in a usual hospital setting. Below illustration shows the mnemonic to treat or manage Hypertension.
Diet Modification means avoiding foods that are high in fats such as organ meats, butter, lard, ghee, dairy fats and other meat products. This also include avoiding food that are high in Sodium (salted foods, ham, sausages, cheese, pizza, canned goods etc.)
Exercising regularly helps lowering your Blood Pressure, this may include walking, jogging, bicycling, swimming and many more.
Below shows the list of the most common Anti-Hypertensive medications:
- Adrenergic receptor antagonists
- Renin Inhibitors
- ACE inhibitors
- Angiotensin II receptor antagonists
- Aldosterone receptor antagonists
- Calcium channel blockers
Meanwhile, lifestyle changes can also help a lot, this involves losing weight if you are obese or limiting yourself to drinking alcohol.
Lastly, the most crucial part of avoiding complications from Hypertension is to quit smoking.